To quickly test if you can communicate with a server on a specific port use this command:
Test-NetConnection (hostname/ip) -Port (tcp port number)
You are looking for TcpTestSucceeded : True in the output.
PS C:\Users\Clint> Test-NetConnection www.google.com -port 80
ComputerName : www.google.com RemoteAddress : 22.214.171.124 RemotePort : 80 InterfaceAlias : vEthernet (LAN) 2 SourceAddress : 192.168.0.5 TcpTestSucceeded : True
This command is quite flexible, you can also have it test with ICMP like PING and Trace Route.
For a simple ping test: Test-NetConnection www.google.com For a trace route test: Test-NetConnection www.google.com -TraceRoute
Does not appear to support UDP test, in PowerShell 5…
This command doesn’t appear to be in PowerShell Core/PowerShell 6. However,
It has some different options, I haven’t read all of them, but it appears to be more flexible, however, to get the same result as above run:
Test-Connection www.googgle.com -TCPPort 80
When you check a specific port, it will return a True or False - in my testing it performs this check quickly